The path to smart manufacturing is not the same for all manufacturers. Different goals, challenges and processes require unique approaches and targeted changes. Stalwartsoft IIoT Assessment Framework and cloud-based workflows help you design your own path to a smart, connected store and deliver efficiency where you need it.
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Production refers to the creation of goods and services for consumption by the society. Such creation typically involves converting inputs to desired outputs using different conversion or transformation processes. In fact, the first step is to decide upon the desired outputs and then to identify the inputs and the corresponding conversion processes. Production management encompasses all those activities that enable conversion of a set of inputs into outputs which are useful to meet the human needs.
● Identification of the requisite materials, acquiring the knowledge of the processes, and installation of equipment necessary to convert or transform the materials to products
● Further, the quantities to be produced have to be ascertained, processes established, specifications detailed out, quality maintained, and products delivered in time to meet the demands.
● Decisions to be taken about:
These decisions will help to achieve productivity with utmost efficiency. Constraints on resources and competition demands that optimizations be obtained in all functions at all levels. In addition, attempts are made to improve output quality, increase yield, and develop systems that are not harmful to society.
● Different types of materials have to be procured, stored, and transported inside the organization for transformation using processes. Information flows throughout the cycle to instruct, monitor, and to control the processes to establish and control the relevant costs and to look for opportunities for continuous improvement. All these functions generate their own subsystems which help in the establishment of accountability and the recognition of performance necessary for improvement.
● Strategies at various levels will have to be formulated with appropriate implementation procedures established with checks and balances.
● Flexibility will have to be designed into the system to take care of fluctuations in the market - both for purchased items and the in-house production based on demand.
● Technology changes have to be accommodated - both as challenges and opportunities for development to be abreast of the global environment.
The various functions involved in production management are:
Productivity norms are done by various methods of time and motion studies which use Predetermined Motion Time System
Time and motion study is a method of finding the best way of performing a complex task by breaking the task into small steps and measuring the time taken to perform each step. This enables the standards of performance to be set. These standards can then be used to plan and control production, estimate price and deliver times, and devise incentive schemes.
The standards were set after a lot of documentation and research to fix the basic times for various operations. The norms are set for different jobs based on the basic motions and the time required for them. System efficiency is also taken into consideration while fixing the productivity norms.
Production operations are conducted and measured in terms of quantities and time requirements. It is important to make an estimate of both of them to assure deliveries. The operations are based on sequencing, loading, and dispatching. Expediting is done with the purpose of ensuring that the operations are smooth. Shortfalls will have to be made up either by overtime or subcontracting. Evaluation has to be on a continuous basis so that deadlines are met.